Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP)

The DMP defines passion as a strong inclination toward a self-defining activity that one likes (or even loves), finds important (or highly value), and in which one invests time and energy. It is proposed that there are two types of passion, obsessive and harmonious, that can be distinguished in terms of how the passionate activity has been internalized into one’s identity. Obsessive passion, results from a controlled internalization of the activity into one’s identity. A controlled internalization originates from intra and/or interpersonal pressure typically because certain contingencies are attached to the activity. Conversely, harmonious passion results from an autonomous internalization of the activity into the person’s identity. An autonomous internalization occurs when individuals have freely accepted the activity as important for them without any contingencies attached to it. Harmonious passion is hypothesized to lead to positive outcomes while obsessive passion to less adaptive outcomes.